Indigenous Peoples Day

I live on land that was at various times occupied by the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, Hoocąk, Menominee, and the Niúachi (all names provided are their own – they are not anglicized here). There are records of the Menominee from 1831, a ratified treaty, granting the land noted in Cession 159 to the Menominee. In this document, it is noted that the Menominee had not “sold” any of their land to the U.S. gov’t, though there is passive aggressive language within the treaty noting that the Potawatomi and Winnebago (part of Hoocąk) tribes had done so and received “large annuities” for what they had sold. It should be noted that the land Cession was necessary because the Menominee land was being encroached on by those surrounding tribes because they had “sold” their own land. The Menominee land was shrunk down to a reservation 234,000 acres in Keshena, WI (from the former 9.5 million acres that is now central/mid-eastern WI and a part of the UP). They are known for their sustained yield forest management.

The only federally recognized reservation currently in Brown County (in which GB is located) is the Oneida nation. They arrived in WI in the 1820s and 1830s after being forced to cede land in New York.

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